Uncovering the Truth About Cataracts: What You Need to Know

Cataracts are a common condition that can affect anyone at any age. While they are more common in older people, they can also occur in younger individuals. Despite their prevalence, there is still a lot of misunderstanding about what cataracts are and how we can treat it.

Close up of human eye with cataract in it
Adult Man getting his eyes checked by an Optometrist

What is a Cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye. The lens is responsible for focusing light onto the back of the eye, which is then translated into images for the brain to process. When a cataract forms, the lens becomes clouded, making it more difficult for light to pass through. This can lead to vision problems such as blurred vision, double vision, or light sensitivity. Cataracts can also cause colors to appear faded or yellow.

The most common type of cataract is called a nuclear cataract, which develops in the center of the lens and typically progresses slowly. Another type of cataract is called a cortical cataract, which develops in the outer edges of the lens and tends to move more quickly. In rare cases, a cataract may be caused by trauma or an underlying medical condition.

Causes of Cataracts

While the exact cause of cataracts is unknown, some factors have been linked to their development. Age is the most common risk factor, as the risk of developing cataracts increases. Other risk factors include smoking, excessive exposure to sunlight, certain medications, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes. 

Symptoms of Cataracts

The most common symptom of cataracts is blurred vision. Other symptoms may include double vision, difficulty seeing at night, and light sensitivity. Colors may also appear faded or yellowed, and light glare may be more pronounced. If you have any of these symptoms, you can consult one of our eye care specialists here at House of Optical.

Slightly blurry image of a girl at a coffee shop
Young Girl Getting her eyes checked by a machine

Diagnosing and Treating Cataracts

Cataracts are usually diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam. The doctor will use a special instrument to look at the eye’s lens during the exam. If a cataract is present, the doctor may also use an ultrasound to view the lens better.

The doctor may recommend cataract surgery if the cataract is causing vision problems. This is the only way to treat cataracts and restore vision. During the surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with a clear artificial lens.

How is Cataract Surgery Done?

An eye surgeon performs cataract surgery which typically takes about an hour. During the procedure, the surgeon will make a tiny incision in the side of the eye and use an ultrasound device to break up the cloudy lens. The broken pieces are then suctioned out and replaced with a clear artificial lens.

The surgery is usually done on an outpatient basis, which means you can go home the same day. You may need to wear a patch over your eye for a few days to protect it while it is healing.

What are the Benefits of Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery is a safe and effective way to restore vision and reduce the symptoms of cataracts. Studies have shown that most people who have cataract surgery have improved vision and better quality of life. Some people also experience improved night vision and less glare from lights.

Surgeon preforming a cataract surgery
Mature women using prescription eye drops
What to Expect After Cataract Surgery

After the surgery, you may experience some mild discomfort, such as itching or burning in the eye. This is normal and should go away within a few days. You may also experience sensitivity to light and be advised to wear sunglasses for a few days.

Your surgeon may also recommend eye drops to help with any inflammation or irritation. It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions and use the eye drops as prescribed.

Risks of Cataract Surgery

While cataract surgery is generally safe, there are some risks associated with the procedure. These include infection, bleeding, and inflammation. There is also a risk of retinal detachment, which can cause permanent vision loss.

It is essential to talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of cataract surgery before making a decision. If you are experiencing any of the cataract symptoms listed above, schedule an appointment with an eye specialist at House of Optical today.


Cataracts are a common condition that can cause vision problems and affect anyone at any age. While there is no cure for cataracts, cataract surgery is a safe and effective way to restore vision and reduce symptoms. If you are experiencing any of the cataract symptoms listed above, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible. With the right treatment, you can restore your vision and enjoy a better quality of life.

Contact us today for more information on cataracts.